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The roots of man settling in Libya go back to the prehistoric period of the Stone Age, from around 10,000 BC to 2000BC.  This period left evidence of human settlements through a wealth of paintings and engravings on stones inside mountain caves.  Since then Libya has been host to diverse people and civilisations, from the Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans and Vandals to the tyrannical years of the Byzantines.  Evidence of this rich tapestry of cultures is still visible today and well preserved.  In Roman times there were three cities in the province called Tripolis; Leptis Magna, Oea (now modern Tripoli) and Sabratha.

Red CastleKnown as Tarabulus in Arabic and Oea in ancient times,
Tripoli is the capital of Libya.  Once known as the 'White Bride of the Mediterranean', it has lost most of its pristine allure, though its many mosques and lively medina retain a good deal of character.  The median, a maze of narrow alleys and covered markets, is the best shopping in the city and the heart of Tripoli.  The old walled city also contains all of the historic mosques, khans (inns) hammams and houses but the most dominant feature of Tripoli is the Red Castle on Green Square, which sits in the northern headland overlooking the water.

Leptis Magna
Leptis MagnaThis was the second Roman port in Africa and considered the best roman site in the Mediterranean due to its spectacular architecture and its massive scale.  The city was originally a Phoenician port and there are still some traces of the old Phoenician town but it really began to grow after the Romans ousted the Carthaginians.  The city then flourished until the Vandals came and plundered it in 455 AD.  The Arab invasion swept away the last traces of life and the city was finally abandoned in the 11th century.  Today it is one of the best preserved Roman cities and one of the few you can walk through and begin to understand what life might have been like in those bygone days.

SabrathaLying west of Tripoli and Sabratha was founded by the Phoenicians in the 6th century BC.  It too flourished under the Romans and was pillaged by the Vandals in 455 AD.  Later it was occupied by the Byzantines who fortified and developed it until the Arab conquest.  The seaside setting, the honey-coloured stone, and the quality of the carvings make Sabratha one of the most magical ruins in Africa.

From the colourful stalls in the souks, the chaotic winding streets of the old cities, the sacred mosques, the outstanding ancient ruins, beautiful beaches, magnificent mountains, breathtaking colourful sand dunes, lush oasis and lakes in the desert, welcoming, friendly people, Libya will surprise you.

Prices on request

When to go

Summers are very hot and dry, winters are mild with cooler evenings. Average summer temperatures can range from 29°C - 35°C the hottest months are usually July and August. The desert has hot days and cool nights.

Additional Information

Time Difference Local Currency Local Language Average Flying Time
GMT/UTC + 2 Libian Dinar Arabic 6 hours 25 mins